HIV infection is a slowly progressive disease caused by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). The virus affects immune system cells. As a result, immune system weakens and HIV develops into acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS). A person becomes susceptible to common infections, as well as opportunistic infections and tumors that do not usually affect people who have working immune systems.
For the period from 1987 to the first half of 2015 there were 274 979 officially registered cases of HIV infection in Ukraine, including 79 173 cases of AIDS and 26 748 deaths caused by AIDS-related diseases.
In the past six months most HIV-positive people in Ukraine were registered in Dnipropetrovsk Oblast (1162) and Odesa Oblast (1176), as well as in Kyiv (660).
Between 1987 and 2015 in Ukraine HIV-positive women gave birth to 45 527 children. And 1 412 of them were born in the first six months of 2015. These numbers do not include statistics of HIV-positive children and children with AIDS in Donetsk Oblast and Autonomous Republic of Crimea.
Cancer, tuberculosis and lymphatic system diseases are common complications in children with HIV infection. These illnesses require additional treatment – chemotherapy, transplantation of bone marrow, blood transfusion etc.
The main health facility in Ukraine that treats children with HIV/AIDS in Ukraine is the Center for Infectious Diseases “Clinic for treatment of children with HIV/AIDS” of National Children’s Hospital “Okhmatdyt”.